Long-term behaviour of offshore pile foundations under cyclic loading


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This is one of two research projects that explore how we can improve offshore renewable energy generation. Shanghai Jiao Tong University is the home institution for this project. View the Melbourne-based partner project.

This project aims to advance the understanding of pile-soil interaction and propose a new design approach for pile foundation.

The scope of work in this project includes:

  • To investigate the pile-soil interaction in clay through advanced numerical finite element modelling and rigorous geotechnical centrifuge modelling. The effect of soil compaction and coupled soil-pore water will be examined in the soil domain around piles.
  • To explore the influence of the number of cycles on soil weakening through laboratory testing, which will be used to calibrate our advanced soil constitutive model (based on the bounding surface framework). The ratcheting effect of the stress-strain relationship of clayey soils will be investigated by relating to the stress-induced anisotropy. From the cyclic triaxial tests, soil over consolidation and structure will be scrutinised to calibrate and advance the existing advanced soil model.
  • To propose a new design tool that can be readily employed by offshore engineers to calculate the long-term deformation of pile foundations.

The details

The research works, including laboratory cyclic triaxial tests, development of constitutive model, extensive numerical simulations and centrifugal model tests, will be conducted by the collaborative teams.  Special attention will be focused on the pile-soil interaction in marine clay and stress-strain response of soil around pile under long- term cyclic loading. These scientific problems will be solved through a close collaboration between SJTU and UoM. Two teams’ activities mainly include the following four aspects:

  1. SJTU: A large number of cyclic triaxial tests will be carried out to study the strain accumulation and stiffness attenuation characteristics of marine clay under long-term cyclic loading;
  2. SJTU: Based on the cyclic triaxial test results, our elastoplastic constitutive model will be improved to allow an accurate description of the strain accumulation subject to a large number of cyclic loading;
  3. UoM: Based on the improved constitutive model, the law of soil weakening and plastic deformation around the pile under long-term cyclic load will be explored and further implemented into finite element package;
  4. SJTU: Batches of centrifuge tests will be carried out to observe the cumulative plastic deformation of the soil around the pile and the pile-soil interaction during the loading process.

The team members at SJTU and UoM have extensive expertise in offshore geotechnical engineering and have been well known with world-class testing facilities and numerical modelling capability.

Out of the 4 research activities listed above, the laboratory testing, constitutive model development and geotechnical centrifuge modelling will be conducted at SJTU. The numerical analysis will be carried out by the SJTU PhD student co-supervised by CI Tian and the team during the one year visiting to implement the advanced elatoplastic soil model into finite element package ABAQUS.

The research outcomes from this project will fundamentally benefit the offshore industry by providing more reliable knowledge-based design method for pile foundation to underpin offshore wind development, to enable the competence of offshore renewable sector over traditional energies.

Supervision team

Shanghai Jiao Tong University supervisor:
Professor Guanlin Ye

University of Melbourne supervisor:
Associate Professor Yinghui Tian

First published on 29 August 2022.

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