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This research is comprised of two distinct, but related projects. KU Leuven is the home institution for one project and the University of Melbourne will host the second.
The details  KU Leuven
Project aims:
 To describe the topology of the droplets and their motherbodies, their evolution in terms of parameters and to study phase transitions.
 Analyse models in great detail with tools from integrable probability and asymptotic analysis
NonHermitian matrices have their eigenvalues in the complex plane. For random nonHermitian matrices, the typical behaviour is that the complex eigenvalues behave as mutually repelling charged particles, like electrons in a trap that accumulate on a region in the complex plane, known as the droplet. In the simplest cases, the droplet is a disk.
The research project studies deformations that lead to more complicated droplets. The average characteristic polynomial in these models will be a polynomial with orthogonality in the complex plane. The zeros of these polynomials typically accumulate along certain contours within the droplet, called a motherbody.
The graduate researcher on this project is: Sampad Lahiry
Supervision team  KU Leuven
Principal Investigators (PIs):
KU Leuven: Professor Dr Arno Kuijlaars
The University of Melbourne: Dr Mario Kieburg
CoPrincipal Investigators (CoPIs):
The University of Melbourne: Professor Peter Forrester
The details  The University of Melbourne
Project aims:
 The ultimate goal of this project is to find novel universal correlations between eigenvalues and singular values.
 To achieve this, the graduate researcher will apply techniques from harmonic analysis on matrix spaces, biorthogonal functions and asymptotic analysis
NonHermitan linear operators describe a multitude of systems like open scattering systems in physics or the signal transmission in wireless telecommunications. Such operators can be characterised either by their eigenvalues or their singular values.
In this project, the longstanding problem of their relation will be addressed for a specific class of random matrices with the goal to revealing universal correlations between these two sets of quantities.
We aim for the computation of the joint level densities of the eigenvalues and singular values at finite matrix dimension. A wellknown relation, called the HaagerupLarson theorem, for infinite dimensional matrices shall be rederived and its corrections for finite matrix dimensions will be quantified. Furthermore, two simple deformations of the probability density of the random matrix will be investigated in this context, too.
The first deformation introduces holes in the complex spectrum and makes contact with the Leuvenbased project. The second kind of deformation squeezes the originally isotropic spectrum to an elongated shape. Both kinds of deformations are encountered in quantum field theoretical applications.
The graduate researcher on this project is: Matthias Allard
Supervision team  The University of Melbourne
Principal Investigators (PIs):
The University of Melbourne: Dr Mario Kieburg
KU Leuven: Professor Dr Arno Kuijlaars
CoPrincipal Investigators (CoPIs):
The University of Melbourne: Professor Peter Forrester
First published on 26 August 2022.
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