What is intellectual property and who owns the intellectual property I create?
What is Intellectual Property?
Intellectual Property (IP) includes creations and/or material that may be registered or protected under the patent, trademark and/or copyright laws, or by contract; and knowledge that cannot be protected under these laws, such as non-patentable creations and know-how. This might include databases, datasets, material on websites, blogs, wikis and podcasts.
Patentable subject matter includes processes, machines, compositions of matter, articles, some computer programs, and methods, including methods of making compositions, methods of making articles, and even methods of performing business. Most software cannot be patented, but is protected by copyright, and often the source code is kept as a trade secret. Specific protection is available for the IP contained in an integrated electronic circuit (chip) design. Drug targets – molecules that could potentially be manipulated by drugs to treat disease – are usually not patentable, but can become valuable IP with further development. Medical diagnostic methods are usually not patentable in the US, but sometimes are in Australia. Contact your Business Development team member if you wish to discuss in more detail.
Research tools that you have created in your lab might be very beneficial to other researchers and represent valuable IP with the potential for significant impact, especially in the life sciences. These tools might include materials such as antibodies, vectors, plasmids, cell lines, mice, and other materials used in the research process.
The University of Melbourne's IP Policy
The University’s approach to IP ownership and management is contained in section 13 of the University of Melbourne Statute. These policies aim to foster a culture that supports knowledge creation, knowledge transfer and entrepreneurial endeavour, through net commercial revenue sharing with creators.
- 40 percent
- Creators' faculty or school
- 40 percent
- University central
- 20 percent
Duty of IP disclosure
All UoM researchers have an obligation to disclose all new intellectual property to the University via their Business Development team members. You need to do so whenever you have discovered or created something unique that might have commercial value, solve a significant problem, or could be made into a product or service by an industry partner. Please do this well before presenting the discovery through publications, poster sessions, conferences, press releases, or other communications – ideally several months before doing so, at the draft manuscript stage – and before talking to any external parties, especially prospective investors. When you disclose your intellectual property to the University, it starts a process that could lead to the commercialisation of your discovery or creation. This may involve initiating the IP protection process for your invention and working to identify outside development partners. If industry or government funds were used for your research, you might have obligations and reporting requirements to the funding party.
It’s not always clear if a creation or discovery represents intellectual property. To find out whether you have intellectual property that can be further developed, talk with your Business Development team member and they will help assess your intellectual property.
Who is considered a creator?
Acoording to section 7 of the University's Intellectual Property Policy:
Creator means any member of staff, students, honorary appointees or visitors who create any intellectual property whether or not in conjunction with other persons
The term inventor has a particular meaning in patent law, and the definition of creator used here is broader than the usual meaning of inventor.
Who owns my IP?
The University of Melbourne Statute states that ownership of IP depends upon the nature of your affiliation with the University, and your use of University facilities.
Staff ownership of intellectual property
Understand the intellectual property ownership rights created by University of Melbourne staff
Student-created intellectual property
Understand the ownership of intellectual property rights created by students at the University of Melbourne
Honorary appointee and visitor ownership of intellectual property
Understand the intellectual property ownership rights created by University of Melbourne honourees and visitors